Current Affairs is an important section to cover if one wish to appear in any kind of competitive exams like APSC, UPSC, all state civil service exams, Railway exams, SSC, RRBs, IAS, ACS, all Government job exams, TET, CTET and different banking exams like IBPS, SBI PO, SBI Clerk , RBI etc. We have covered the latest Monthly Current Affairs- October 2020. Visit our page regularly to get the latest informations and get updated and prepared for your exams.
Monthly Current Affairs- October 2020
- India develops the World’s Largest Solar Tree
- Chunauti : The next Generation start up challenge contest
- Central Government approves Mission Karmayogi
- India-Finland Cooperation approved by Union Government
- Sati Radhika Award 2020 Presented
- Biodiversity Council to be set up in Jammu & Kashmir
- Jammu and Kashmir Language Bill, 2020 approved by Union Cabinet
- New Information Technology Policy approved by Karnataka
- State of Young Child in India Report released
- State Reform Action Plan 2019 released
- GJEPC Conducts its first ever Buyer-Seller meet
- Anuradha Roy shorlisted for International Dublin Literary Award, 2020
- Report on ‘Household Social Consumption:Education in India’ released
- Tamil Nadu Government Releases Electronics Hardware Manufacturing Policy, 2020
- Indira Gandhi Peace Prize conferred on Sir David Attenborough
- Three labour Codes approved in the Union Cabinet
- Matsya Sampada Yojana launched
- India, France, Australia hold first trilateral dialogue
- Postal Department launched ‘Five Star Villages’
- India-Japan inks mutual military logistics agreement
- Ayushmann Khurrana appointed as UNICEF’s celebrity advocate
- Harivansh Narayan Singh re-elected as Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman
- Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020 introduced
- Yanin Hazarika Award, 2020 Conferred
- National Medical Commission(NMC) replaces Medical Council of India(MCI)
- Defence Aquisition Procedure – 2020 unveiled
- Vaccine Portal for COVID-19 launched
1. India develops the World’s Largest Solar Tree
The CSIR’s Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute(CMERI) has developed the world’s largest ‘solar tree’. The solar tree is installed at CSIR-CMERI Residential Colony, Durgapur.
- The installed capacity of the Solar Tree is above 11.5 kWp. It can generate 12,000 – 14,000 units of Clean and Green Power.
- There are a total of 35 solar PV panels in each tree and each panel has a capacity of 330 wp.
- The solar Tree has been designed in a way to ensure maximum exposure of the solar PV panels to sunlight and minimum shadow area.
- The Solar Tree has the potential to save 10-12 tons of carbon di oxide released as green house gases when compared with fossil fuel fired energy grid.
- The excess power generated can be directed into an energy grid.
- Each solar tree cost about Rs 7.2 lakhs.
2. Chunauti : The next Generation start up challenge contest
The Central Government of India launched “Chunauti”, the next generation startup challenge contest on 28th August 2020. The Chunauti contest aims to further boost startups and software products by giving special attention on Tier-II towns of India.
- The Government has earmarked a budget of Rs 95.03 for over a period of three years.
- The Contest will identify about 300 startups who are engaged in identified areas and offer them seed fund of upto Rs 25 lakh along with other facilities.
- Under this programme the startups will be invited from the followig areas of work-
- Edu-Tech, Agri-Tech and Fin-Tech solution for masses
- Supply Chain, Logistics and Transportation Management.
- Infrastructure andc Remote Monitoring.
- Medical Healthcare, Diagnostic, Preventive and Psychologiocal Care.
- Linguistic tools and Technologies, Jobs and Skilling.
3. Central Government approves Mission Karmayogi
The Union Cabinet approved “Mission Karmayogi”, a unique skill building programme for civil servants across the country on September 2, 2020. The programme is officially called as “National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building“.
Aim of the Programme
The programme aims to lay foundations for capacity building of civil servants. It will help the officers to learn about the best practices performed by civil servants all over the world.
Six Pillars of the Programme
- Policy Framework
- Institutional Framework
- Competency Framework
- Digital Learning Framework iGOT-Karmayogi
- The Electronic Human Resource Management System
- The Monitoring and Evaluation Framework.
- The programme will build future-ready civil services with the right attitude, skills & knowledge, aligned to the vision of New India.
- Ministries will invest directly and co-create a common learning system.
- The Union Government will set up Capacity Building Commission to harmonise traning standards.
- The programme will be accessible for all, from section officers to secretaries of the office.
- More focus will be on ‘on-site learning‘ in complementing ‘off-site learning’.
- E-learning will have more focus.
- A platform iGOT will be launched by the Government to give access to content from across the world.
- Mission Karmayogi will have an annual subscription fee of Rs 413 that will be charged per civil servants.
- A Special Purpose Vehicle(SPV) will be set up to manage digital resources and create a market place for content.
- The SPV will be registered as a company with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
4. India-Finland Cooperation approved by Union Government
The Geological Survey of India, Ministry of Mines and Geological Survey of Finland and Ministry of Employment and Economy, Finland signed an MoU on September 2, 2020 for the cooperation in the field of geology and mineral resources between India and Finland.
The MoU facilitates cooperation in the field of geology, training, mineral prognostication and suitability analysis,3/4D modeling, Seismic and other Geophysical surveys etc. It aims to provide with a framework and a platform to promote and foster cooperation in the fields of geology and mineral resources. Both the participants will be mutually benefited economically, socially and environmentally.
5. Sati Radhika Award 2020 Presented
Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal presented the Sati Radhika Award 2020 to noted social worker of Dima Hasao district Evelyntice Sajem on September 2, 2020.
Evelyntice Sajem is the first recipient of Sati Radhika Award which has been introduced by Government of Assam from this year(2020). The award carries a citation, angabashtra, sarai and a cheque of Rs 2 lakh.
About Evelyntice Sajem
Evelyntice Sajem, born in 1947 has been a social worker for many years and contributed immensely to women empowerment.
She founded the Halflong Girls’ High School in 1966 and later took the charge of principal in 2003.
Sajem is the first Scheduled Tribe(ST) woman to be graduated from the Dima Hasao district. She worked for women empowerment, health and child welfare in her are and her hard work led to 100 per cent literacy rate among the women of Jatinga.
6. Biodiversity Council to be set up in Jammu & Kashmir
The Jammu and Kashmir Government is going to set up a Biodiversity Council to look after the conservation of biological diversity in the Union Territory and also to focus on sustainable use of the components of the Union Territory.
- The Council will be headed by the Chief Conservator of Forests,
- There will be 10 members in the council of which five will be non-official.
- The term of office for the non-official members will be three years.
- The Biodiversity Council will function under the jurisdiction of the Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory.
- It will function in consultation with National Biodiversity Authority.
7. Jammu and Kashmir Language Bill, 2020 approved by Union Cabinet
The Jammu and Kashmir Language Bill, 2020 got approved by the Union Cabinet on September 2, 2020. This bill is approved to make five languages – Hindi, Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri and English as the official language of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
Urdu and English were the official language of Jammu and Kashmir when it was a state. Three more languages – Hindi, Dogri and Kashmiri have been added now. It can be noted that Dogri and Kashmiri were not official languuages of any state in India inspite of their inclusion in the eight schedule of the Indian Constitution.
8. New Information Technology Policy approved by Karnataka
The Karnataka Government approved a new Information Policy on September 3, 2020. The policy will help the state to retain and leverage its position in technology and innovations.
Aim of the policy
The aim of the IT policy is to enable “the State’s IT industry to contribute 30% to India’s goal of becoming a trillion-dollar digital economy”.
The policy also aims to boost IT penetration & innovation, enable a remote, distributed labour force beyond Bengaluru and evolve a Cyber Security policy.
9. State of Young Child in India Report released
The Vice President of India Venkaiah Naidu released the “State of Young Child in India” report on September 4, 2020.
- The “State of Young Child in India” report is a comprehensive account of the challenges related to early child development in India.
- The report has been prepared by the Mobile Creches, a policy advocacy organisation.
- The report mentions that of the 159 million children aged below 6 years in India, 21 per cent are undernourished, 36 per cent are underweight and 38 per cent do not receive full immunization.
- Based on ranking and values on the Young child outcome index Kerela, Goa, Tripura and Tamil Nadu were named as the top performers.
- Eight states – Assam, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar scored below the national average.
10. State Reform Action Plan 2019 released
The Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman released the “State Reform Action Plan 2019” ranking on 5th September, 2020.
The ranking shows how India States have fared in enhancing ease of doing Business for an Atmanirbhar Bharat. It is based on the implementation of the business reform action plan 2019 by the States and Union Territories. The exercise is aimed to promote competition among states with a view to improving the business climate to attract domestic and foreign investments.
The parameters for the ranking includes areas such as construction permit, labour regulation, environmental registration, access to information, land availability and single-window system.
Andhra Pradesh has topped the list for the third time in a row followed by Uttar Pradesh. Telangana occupied the third spot in the ranking of best performing states in ease of doing business.
Top 10 States
|Rank||Name of States|
11. GJEPC Conducts its first ever Buyer-Seller meet
The Gem and Jeweller Export Promotion Council inaugurated its first buyer-seller meet on September 3, 2020. GJEPC launched the buyer-seller meet with a view to revive the gems and jewellery exports.
- GJEPC launched the buyer-seller meet for every product category, however it began with loose diamonds.
- The meet is a one to one focussed meet that will be of 40 minutes where 10 visitors and 10 exhibitors will participate.
- Most of the visitors are from China . It is because market is already open and the Chinese are ordering goods from India.
- The Gem and Jeweller Export Promotion Council was established in 1966. It’s aim is to promote Indian Gem and Jewellery industry.
12. Anuradha Roy shorlisted for International Dublin Literary Award, 2020
The International Dublin Literary Award has announced it’s shortlist recently. Noted Indian writer Anuradha Roy has been shortlisted for the award for her book “All The Lives We Never Lived“.
Other authors shortlisted for the International Dublin Literary Award, 2020 are Pat Barker for “Silence of the Girls”, Anna Burns for “Milkman”, Negar Djavadi for “Disoreintal” translated by Tina Kover, Esi edugyan for “Washington Black”, Tayari Jones for “An American Marriage”, Edouard Louis for “History of Violence” translated by Lorin Stein, Tommy Orange for “The Friend by Sigrid Nunez, There There and Olga Tokarczuk for “Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead” translated by Antonia Lloyd-Jones.
International Dublin Literary Award
The International Dublin Literary Award is presented every year for a novel written or translated into English. The award promotes excellence in world literature and is solely sponsored by Dublin City Council, Ireland. The first International Dublin Literary Award was presented to David Malouf for his novel “Remembering Babylon” in 1966. The award money is 100,000 euro making it one of the richest literary prizes.
13. Report on ‘Household Social Consumption:Education in India’ released
The report on ‘Household Social Consumption:Education in India’ has been released by National Statistical Office(NSO). The report is a part of 75th round of National Sample Survey -from July 2017 – June 2018. It provided state-wise detail of literacy rate among the persons aged seven years and above.
According to the report, Kerela tops the literary rate percentage in the country at 96.2 % followed by Delhi‘s 88.7 %, Uttarakhand’s 87.6%, Himachal Pradesh‘s 86.6 % and Assam’s at 85.9 %.
Top 10 States with highest literacy rate
14. DRDO successfully test fired HSTDV
India successfully flight tested the indigeneously -developed Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle(HSTDV) for the first time on September 7, 2020. The test was conducted from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam testing range in Balasore, Odisha.
The HSTDV is an unmanned scramjet demonstration aircraft based on hypersonic propulsion technology. It has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO). The Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle(HSTDV) operates on scramjet engines which can attain the speed of around Mach 6 which is considered far better than ramjet engines. It can move up to an altitude of 32.5 km in 20 seconds.
The HSTDV can be used for long-range cruise missiles of the future. Besides this, the dual-use technology will have multiple applications. The vehicle can be used to launch satellites at low cost.
15. Tamil Nadu Government Releases Electronics Hardware Manufacturing Policy, 2020
The Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Edappadi K. Palaniswami released the the Tamil Nadu Electronics Hardware Manufacturing Policy 2020 on August 7, 2020.
Aim of the Policy
The aim of the policy is to transform Tamil Nadu into an innovative and a globally competitive Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) destination.
- Tamil Nadu targets
- to increase it’s electronics industrial output to USD 100 billion by 2025.
- to contribute 25% of India’s total electronics exports by 2025.
- to undertake skill training for more than 1,00,000 people.
- to increase the level of value addition.
- to undertake a focused research and development programmes.
- to foster a conducive environment for ESDM Start-ups.
- to attract at least two major FAB investments to Tamil Nadu in the next three years.
- Under the policy the Government of Tamil Nadu a special package of incentives for ESDM Units in MSME sector.
- The Government will provide capital subsidy based on investment ranges and location for new and expansion manufacturing units.
- Training subsidy of Rs 4000 and Rs 6000 for men and women respectively per first time employee per month up to six months will be provided.
- All new and expansion electronic manufacturing unit will be give electricity tax exemption for a period of 5 years from the date of commercial production.
16. Indira Gandhi Peace Prize conferred on Sir David Attenborough
On 7 September, 2020 Sir David Attenborough was awarded with the prestigious Indira Gandhi Peace Prize-2020 . The award was conferred on him by former Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh at a virtual event held on 7th September.
Indira Gandhi Peace Prize
The Indira Gandhi Peace Prize or the Indira Gandhi Prize or the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development is a prestigious award accorded annually by Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust to individuals or organisations in recognition of creative efforts toward promoting international peace, development and a new international economic order.
The award was instituted in the memory of the former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1986. It consist of a monetary award of Rs 25 lakh and a citation.
17. Three labour Codes approved in the Union Cabinet
On 8 September, 2020 the Union Cabinet approved three labour codes on occupational safety, health and working conditions, social security, and Industrial Relations.
The Code on Industrial Relations, 2019 bill, aims to streamline industrial relations by consolidating three laws – the Trade Unions Act, 1926, the Industrial Employment(Standing Orders) Act, 1946, and the Industrial Disputes Act 1947.
So 44 central labour laws are codified into four codes by simplifying, amalgamating and rationalising relevent provisions of the legislations as per the recommendations of the second National Commission on Labour. Out of these four codes the Code on Wages has already been approved by Parliament and the remaining three were referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour for scrutiny.
18. Matsya Sampada Yojana launched
On September 10, 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ‘Matsya Sampada Yojana’ for the sustainable development of the fisheries sector of India.
About Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana(PMMSY)
The PMMSY is a scheme that intends to address the critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernisation and strengthening of value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.
The scheme has been approved at a total estimated investment of Rs 20,050 crores to be implemented over a period of five years.
Aims and Objectives of Matsya Sampada Yojana
(a)Harnessing of fisheries potential in a sustainable, responsible, inclusive and equitable manner.
(b)Enhancing of fish production and productivity through expansion, intensification, diversification and productive utilization of land and water
(c)Modernizing and strengthening of value chain post-harvest management
and quality improvement.
(d)Doubling fishers and fish farmers incomes and generation of employment.
(e)Enhancing contribution to Agriculture GVA and exports.
(f)Social, physical and economic security for fishers and fish farmers.
(g)Robust fisheries management and regulatory framework.
- PMMSY will be implemented as an umbrella scheme having both Centrally Sector Components and Centrally Sponsored Scheme Components.
- The scheme will create a conducive environment for private sector participation, development of entrepreneurship, business models, promotion of ease of doing business, innovations and innovative project activities including start-ups, incubators etc. in fisheries sector.
- Well structured implementation framework will be created for effective implementation right up to district or sub-district level.
- Enhancing exports to Rs 1 lakh Crore by 2024-25 is one of the key objectives of PMMSY.
- Under the scheme Insurance coverage for fishing vessels will be introduced for the first time.
- Thrust on organic aquaculture promotion and certification.
- Thrust on Seaweed and ornamental Fisheries to generate huge employment.
19. India, France, Australia hold first trilateral dialogue
The first India-France-Australia Trilateral Dialogue held virtually on September 9, 2020. The focus of the dialogue was on enhancing the cooperation in the Indo-pacific Region that has been witnessing increasing Chinese military assertiveness.
- In the meeting the three sides agreed to hold the dialogue on an annual basis.
- The three sides discussed economic and geo-strategic challenges and cooperation in the Indo-Pacific particularly in the context of COVID-19 pandemic.
- The three countries had an exchange on the priorities, challenges and trends in regional and global multilateral institutions including the best ways to strengthen and reform multilateralism.
- Cooperation on marine global commons and potential areas for practical partnership at the trilateral and regional level were also discussed.
20. Postal Department launched ‘Five Star Villages’
The Department of Posts launched a scheme called the ‘Five Star Villages’ on September 10, 2020. The scheme was launched in order to bridge the gaps in public awareness and reach of postal products and services in interior villages. The scheme will ensure universal coverage of flagship postal schemes in rural areas of the country.
Schemes covered under ‘Five Star Villages’
The schemes covered under the ‘Five Star Villages’ includes-
- Savings Bank accounts, Recurring Deposit Accounts, NSC/KVP certificates.
- Sukanya Samridhi Accounts/PPF.
- Funded Post Office Savings Account linked India Post Payments Bank accounts.
- Postal Life Insurance Policy/Rural Postal Life Insurance Policy.
- Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana Account/Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana Account.
A village attaining universal coverage for four schemes from the above list gets four-star status and a village completing three schemes gets three-star status and so on.
21. India-Japan inks mutual military logistics agreement
On September 10, 2020 India-Japan inked a landmark Logistic agreement on “Reciprocal Provision Supplies and Services” to allow their militaries to access each other’s bases for logistics support. The acquisition and cross-servicing pact was signed be Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar and Japanese Ambassador Suzuki Satoshi.
- The agreement is expected to facilitate the smooth and prompt provision of supplies and services between the Self-Defense Forces of Japan and the Indian Armed Forces.
- The pact will enhance the interoperability between the armed forces, resulting in further expansion of bilateral defense engagement under the Indo-Japan special strategic and global partnership.
- The agreement establishes the enabling framework for closer cooperation between the armed forces of India and Japan in reciprocal provision of supplies and services.
22. Ayushmann Khurrana appointed as UNICEF’s celebrity advocate
The United Nations International Children Education Fund(UNICEF) appointed Bollywood star Ayushmann Khurrana as its celebrity advocate in India. The actor will work towards ending violence against children and to promote rights for every child.
23. Harivansh Narayan Sing re-elected as Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman
The National Democratic alliance (NDA) candidate Janata Dal MP Harivansh Narayan Singh has been elected as Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha by voice vote.
About Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha is the Upper house of the Indian Parliament. The present chairman of High Court is Muppavarapu Venkiah Naidu.
Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha presides over the proceedings of the Rajya Sabha in the absence of the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. The Deputy Chairman is elected by the members of the Rajya Sabha. The post has a term length of six years.
24. Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020 introduced
The Central Government of India introduced the Assisted Reproductive Technology(Regulation) Bill, 2020 in Lok Sabha, seeking control to regulate assisted reproductive technology services in the country.
Provisions in the Bill
- The bill provides for a national Board which will lay down a code of conduct to be observed by those operating clinics.
- The bill will also formulate minimum standards for laboratory and diagnostic equipment and practices to be followed by human resources employed by clinics and banks.
- Under the law, a national registry and registration authority will maintain a database to assist the national Board to perform its functions.
- The bill also proposes stringent punishment for those who practice sex selection, indulge in sale of human embryos or gametes and those who operate rackets.
25. Yanin Hazarika Award, 2020 Conferred
The sixth Yanin Hazarika Woman of Substance Award, 2020 was conferred on historian and author Rana Safvi on 23rd September, 2020.
- The Yanin Hazarika Woman of Substance Award is presented every year by a collective of women professionals in memory of the first women from the northeast to join the Central Police services.
- The award recognizes and celebrates women who have made a notable contribution to the greater good of the society.
- Rana Safvi is a passionate believer in India’s Ganga jamuni Tehzeeb, which she documents through her writings, videos and podcasts.
- She started a Twitter forum #shair in 2011 which popularized Hindi online.
- She has published seven books on culture, history and monuments of India- Tales from the Quran and Hadith, the Delhi Trilogy: where stones speak, The Forgotten Cities of Delhi , Shahjahanabad thee Living City of Old Delhi etc.
- She has translated both the editions of Sir Syed Ahmad Khans Asar us Sanadid, Dastan e Ghadar and four accounts of the 19th and 20th century Delhi from Urdu to English.
26. National Medical Commission(NMC) replaces Medical Council of India(MCI)
The Medical Council of India has been replaced by National Medical Commission on 25th of September, 2020 with an aim to bring in reforms in medical education.
- Dr. Suresh Chandra Sarma, former head of ENT, AIIMS, Delhi has been appointed as the Chairman of newly formed National Medical Commission.
- The Medical Council of India(MCI) was dissolved in 2018 and was replaced with a BOG chaired by Dr. VK Paul.
- The NMC will have four seperate autonomous boards – under-graduate medical education, post graduate medical education, medical assessment and rating and ethics and medical registration.
- The regulatory body will consist of 33 members – a Chairman, 10 ex officio members and 22 Part- time Members.
27. Defence Aquisition Procedure – 2020 unveiled
Defence Minister of India Rajnath Singh unveiled the final form of the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) – 2020 on 28th September, 2020.
- Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) – 2020 is the renamed iteration of the Defence Procurement Procedure(DPP) which was first promulgated in the year 2002.
- The aim of the DAP-2020 is to turn India into a global manufacturing hub under the Make in India initiative.
- The DAP- 2020 focuses on FDI in defence manufacturing and indigenization of the manufacturing prices.
- It enables the notification of a list of Weapons or platforms that will be banned for import.
- New Category of Buy has been added that incorporates ‘manufacture of either the entire or a part of the equipment.
- Time Bound Defence Procurement Process and Faster Decision Making PMU will be set up to facilitate obtaining advisory and consultancy support in the Acquisition process.
28. Vaccine Portal for COVID-19 launched
The Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan launched a vaccine portal for COVID-19 on 28th September, 2020. The portal is inaugurated in order to create awareness among masses.
- The vaccine portal will provide all important information on COVID-19 , vaccine development , ongoing clinical trials and progress made locally and globally.
- The Web portal have been developed by ICMR ( Indian Council of Medical Research).
- The vaccine portal contains all information regarding Indian efforts towards the development of a vaccine against COVID-19.
- The National Clinical Registry for COVID-19 will collect data on clinical signs and symptoms, management protocols, clinical course of COVID-19, disease spectrum and outcomes of patients, laboratory investigations.
- The data will serve as an invaluable tool for formulating appropriate patient management strategies, predicting disease severity, patient outcomes, etc.