Addressing the nation on 74th Independence day the Prime Minister of India announced about the launch of Project Lion and Project Dolphin to save the Asiatic Lions and Gangetic Dolphins along the lines of Project Tiger and Project Elephant.
Project Lion – Key points
- The Project Lion is to be launched to conserve Asiatic Lions and its landscape in a holistic manner.
- The Project will entail habitat development, engage modern technologies in lion management.
- Under the project, work on the required infrastructure for the protection and security of Indian Lions and a special type of health infrastructure will be undertaken.
- It will help address issues of diseases among lions and its associate species through advanced world-class research and veterinary care.
- The Lion Project will address human- wildlife conflict.
- It will be inclusive including local communities living in the vicinity of Lion landscape .
Asiatic Lion Conservation Project
The Asiatic Lion Conservation Project was launched by the Union Ministry of Environment for three financial year 2018 to 2021. A budget of Rs 97.85 crores was allocated for the project. The Project envisaged scientific management by involving communities in coordination with multi-sectoral agencies for disease control and veterinary care .
Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project
The Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project is an initiative of the Government of India to provide safeguards to the Asiatic lion from extinction by means of reintroduction.
Protection Status of Asiatic Lions
The Asiatic Lions are recorded in the IUCN Red List as an endangered species. It has been listed under CITES Appendix – I and have been classified under Schedule- 1 of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. At present Asiatic lions are found only in Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary.
Project Dolphin – Key Points
- The Project Dolphin to be launched aims at the conservation and protection of the Dolphins in rivers and oceans of the country.
- The Project involves conservation of Dolphins and the aquatic habitat through the use of modern technology .
- It will engage the fishermen and other ocean and river dependent population.
- It will strive to improve the livelihood of the local communities.
- Along with the conservation of Dolphins, the project will envisage activities which will also help in the control of pollution in the rivers and the oceans.
Status of the Dolphins
The Gangetic Dolphins are recorded in the IUCN Red List as an endangered species. It has been listed under CITES Appendix – I and have been classified under Schedule- 1 of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.