Rajiv Kumar, former finance secretary of India was appointed as the Election Commissioner of India on August 21, 2020. He succeeded Ashok Lavassa who joined the Asian Development Bank as its vice president.
About Rajiv Kumar
Rajiv Kumar, is a retired 1984 IAS officer from Jharkhand cadre.He served as the finance secretary from September 1, 2017 to February 29, 2020. Kumar is currently the Chairperson of the Public Enterprises Selection Board(PESB). He holds an LLB, B.Sc degree and a Master of Public policy and Sustainability.
Election Commission of India
The Election Commission of India is vested with the power of superintendence, direction and control of conducting the elections to the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies under Article 324 of the Constitution of India. The part 15 of the Indian Constitution establishes the Commission. The Election Commission of India is a three-member body, with one Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioner and the Election Commissioners.
Appointment and Tenure of Chief Election Commissioner and the Election Commissioners.
The Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners are appointed by the President of India. The tenure of their offices is six years or up to 65 years of age whichever is earlier.
It is very difficult to remove the authority of the Chief Election Commissioner once appointed by the President, as two-thirds of the Loksabha and the Rajya Sabha need to vote against him for disorderly conduct or improper actions.
Roles and Responsibilities of Election Commission of India
- The Election Commision supervises, directs and controls all the elections to the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies.
- The Election Commission of India has the prime responsibility of conducting free and fare elections all over the country.
- The Commission issues Model Code of Conduct before each and every election for the candidates to follow.
- The registration of the eligible political parties is regulated by the commission.
- It lays down the rules and regulations for the elections.
- The body prepares electoral rolls for every eligible voters of the country and issues unique id-cards.
- The Commission allots unique election symbols to each contesting candidates or parties.
- It appoints tribunals to resolve any disputes of doubts if arises during the conducting of elections for state legislatures and the Parliament.