Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020 – July 31 2020

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Current Affairs is an important section to cover if one wish to appear in any kind of competitive exams like APSC, UPSC, all state civil service exams, Railway exams, SSC, RRBs, IAS, ACS, all Government job exams, TET, CTET and different banking exams like IBPS, SBI PO, SBI Clerk , RBI etc. We have covered the latest Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020 – July 31, 2020. Visit our page regularly to get the latest informations and get updated and prepared for your exams.

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020 to July 31 2020

1. India test fires “Dhruvastra” successfully

India sucessfully test fired the anti-guided missile “Dhruvastra” on July 22, 2020 at the Interim Test Range of Odisha.

Key points

  • The name of the Nag missile was “Helina” but renamed as “Dhruvastra” later on.
  • It is a third generation anti-tank guided missile system that is fired from an Advanced Light Helicopter.
  • The missile has a all-weather day and night capability.
  • It can defeat battle tanks with conventional armour as well as explosive reactive armour.
  • The missile can engage targets both in direct hit mode as well as top attack mode.
  • It has a maximum range capability of 7 km in Lock On Before Launch(LOBL) mode.
  • The flight trials were conducted on 15th and 16th July at ITR Balasore(Odisha).

2. Greta Thunberg wins first Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity

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Greta Thunberg, a Swedish environmental activist was awarded the first Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity.

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020

Key Points

  • Greta Thunberg is the first person to receive this award.
  • She was awarded the prize for the way she has been able to mobilise younger generations for the cause of climate change and her tenacious struggle to alter a status quo that persist.
  • The award carries a one million euros prize.
  • The activist donated the entire amount to project and organisations ‘fighting for a sustainable world’.
  • There were 136 nominees for the award from 43 countries across the world.

Gulbenkian Prize

The Gulbenkian Prize “aims to recognize people, groups of people and/or organizations from all over the world whose contributions to mitigation and adaptation to climate change stand out for its novelty, innovation, and impact”.

Gulbenkian Prize is a series of prizes that are awarded annually by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. The main Gulbenkian Prize was first awarded in 1976 as the Gulbemkian Science Prize.

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020 to July 31 2020

3. Digantara develops India’s first in-orbit space debris monitoring and tracking

Digantara, a Space start up has developed India’s first in -orbit space debris monitoring and tracking system.

Key Points

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  • Digantara is India’s first air and space surveillance company.
  • The in -orbit space debris monitoring and tracking system works on LIDAR(Light Detection and Ranging) technology.
  • The system will provide global real-time earth surveillance by deploying a constellation of cost-efficient nano satellites in the Low Earth Orbit.
  • The new system will help international space agencies to track and map space debris.

4. Sahil Seth has been appointed as adviser for BRICS CCI

Sahil Seth, Deputy Commissioner of Mumbai Customs has been appointed as adviser of steering committee for BRICS Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI).

Key Points

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  • The new post held by Sahil Seth is a purely voluntary post and does not involve in any monetary benefit.
  • The BRICS Chamber of Commerce and Industry is an organization that promotes commerce and industry in BRICS.
  • The BRICS consist of five major economies of the world – Brazil, China, India , Russia and South Africa.

5. TRIFED signs MoU with IIT, Delhi

The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) signed an agreement with IIT Delhi and Vijnana Bharati to implement Unnat Bharat Abhiyan.

Key Points

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  • The TRIFED operates under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India.
  • The IIT Delhi and TRIFED together envisages promoting tribal livelihoods and income-generating programmes.
  • The new agreement will enable the tribal forest dwellers engaged in Minor Forest Produce to access new processing technologies, mentorship transformational digital systems, product innovation and handholding.
  • The partnership will gain support from Vijanana Bharati Science Movement(VIBHA). It will reach out to all the stakeholders to converge with the focus to strengthen ‘Van Dhan’ programme of TRIFED.
  • The partnership can help enhance livelihoods through Van Dhan Vikas Kendras which were established under “Van Dhan Yojana’.

6. South Korea launched its first-ever military satellite

South Korea launched its first ever military satellite ANASIS II. The purpose of the the satellite is to defend against nuclear armed North Korea.

Key Points

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  • The military satellite ANASIS II was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, US in a Falcon 9 rocket.
  • The lauch was accomplished by SpaceX of theUnited States.
  • The rocket will reach the orbit after two weeks from launch.
  • South Korea became the tenth country to have own military communication satellite.

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020 to July 31 2020

7. Khelo India Youth Games(4th edition) to be hosted by Haryana

The 4th Edition of Khelo India Youth Games will be hosted by Haryana. This was announced by Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Shri Kiren Rijiju and Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar on 25th of July, 2020 .

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020

Key Points

  • The fourth edition of Khelo India Youth Games has been scheduled to be conducted after Tokyo Olympics.
  • It will be held in Panchkula, Haryana.
  • Star Sports will be the official broadcaster of the 4th Khelo India Event.
  • The third Khelo India Youth Games was held from 10 January 2020 in Guwahati.

About Khelo India

  • Khelo India Youth Games was formerly known as Khelo India school Games.
  • It is a national level multidisciplinary grass-root games in India held for two categories- U-17 school students and U-21 college students.
  • The game was first held on 31st January 2018 and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Khelo India programme has been introduced to revive the sports culture in India at the grass-root level by building a strong framework for all sports played in our country and establish India as a great sporting nation.
  • To accomplish the above objectives Khelo India Programme has been divided into 12 verticals –
    • Play Field Development.
    • Community Coaching Development.
    • State Level Khelo India Centres.
    • Annual sports Competitions.
    • Talent Search and Development
    • Utilization and Creation/ Upgradation of Sports Infrastructure.
    • Support to National/Regional/State Sports Academics.
    • Physical fitness of school children.
    • Sports for women.
    • Promotion of sports among people with disabilities.
    • Sports for Peace and Development.
    • Promotion of Rural and indigenous/tribal games.

8. India hands over 10 Railway Locomotives to Bangladesh

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India handed over 10 Railway Locomotives to Bangladesh on July 27, 2020. This was done as a fulfillment of the commitment to Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina during her visit to India.

Key Points

  • The Railway Locomotive hand over event was conducted virtually.
  • Indian External Affairs Minister S Jai Shankar, Railways Minister Piyush Goyal and their Bangladeshi counterparts took part in the ecvent.
  • This event was accomplished with a view to strengthen cross border transport infrastructure.
  • The 3300 HP WDM3D locos given to Bangladesh have a residual life of 28 Years or more.
  • These locos can attain a speed up to 120 kmph.
  • The locomotives given to Bangladesh are suitable for hauling freight as well as inter country movement.

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020 to July 31 2020

9. Ajay Shankar Memorial Awards to 3 entrepreneurs from North-East

Three entrepreneurs from the North-east received the prestigious Ajay Shankar Memorial Awards at the 49th Indian Handicrafts & Gifts Fair(IHGF) or Delhi Fair held between July 13 and 19 for best virtual booths.

Key Points

  • Ajay Shankar Memorial awards are given in memory of Late Ajay Shankar, former development commissioner, handicrafts.
  • Shantanu Sutradhar of M/S Disha Enterprise, Silchar won Ajay Shankar Memorial Golden Award.
  • Lucky Keisham of M/S Lucky Manipur Handicrafts Kauna Bags, Imphal won the Ajay Shankar Memorial Silver Award.
  • Victor Talukdar of M/s Mesmerizing Bamboo Fusion , Aizawl won the Ajay Shankar Memorial Bronze Award.
  • The 49th Indian Handicrafts & Gifts Fair(IHGF) was organized by Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts(EPCH) which is an automous council under the Union Ministry of Textiles.
  • The Indian Handicrafts & Gifts Fair(IHGF) or the Delhi fair is among Asia’s largest gifts and handicrafts fair held bi-annually.
  • Over 1500 exhibitors took part in the virtual fair from all over the country.
  • Altogether 25 artisans and entrepreneurs from the North-east participated in the virtual fair and displayed their exquisite crafts in theme pavilion set up.

10. ‘Dare to Dream 2.0’ challenge launched by DRDO

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Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has launched a contest ‘Dare to Dream 2.0’ on the death anniversary of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.

Key Points

  • The contest is announced to promote the Indian innovators and startups for innovations in defence and aerospace technologies.
  • The ‘Dare to Dream’ is an open challenge to promote the innovators and startups from all over the country.
  • The winners will be decided by an expert committee after due evaluation.
  • A sum of Rs 10 lakh for startups and Rs 5 lakh to individual categories will be awarded to the winners.

11. ‘Mausam Application’ launched to forecast weather

Union Minister of Earth Sciences Dr Harsh Vardhan launched a mobile application called ‘Mausam‘ on July,27 2020.

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020

Key Points

  • The mobile application ‘mausam’ will be used to forecast weather.
  • It was designed and developed jointly by International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics(ICRISAT), Indian Metereological Development(IMD), and Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology(IITM), Pune.
  • The application will provide weather forecast for about 450 Indian cities.
  • The data on the app will be updated eight times a day.
  • The app will display weather information of past 24 hours.

Weekly Current Affairs July 22 2020 to July 31 2020

12. Union Cabinet approves National Education Policy(NEP)-2020

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The Union Cabinet Approved the National Education Policy (NEP)-2020 on 29 July, 2020. The aim of the new education policy is to introduce several changes in the Indian education system- from the school to college level.

National Education Policy(NEP)-2020

Key Points

School Education

  • The 10+2 structure has been replaced with 5+3+3+4 consisting of 12 years of school and three years of Anganwadi or pre-school.
  • The split will be as follows –
    • a foundational stage(ages 3 to 8 years)
    • three years of pre-primary(ages 8 – 11 years)
    • a preparatory stage(ages 11 to 14 years)
    • a secondary stage( ages 14 to 18 years)
  • No exams will be held every year. School students will sit only for three exams- at class 3 , 5 and 8.
  • Board exams in schools will be held for class 10 and 12 but will be re-designed with an aim of holistic development. Test of actual knowledge of students will be done instead of “rote learning”.
  • National Assessment Centre- ‘PARAKH’ has been created to assess the students.
  • Home language, mother tongue or regional language will be the medium of instruction up to Class 5.
  • School curriculum will also be reduced to core concepts and there will be integration of vocational education from Class 6.
  • Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements.
  • National mission will focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy.
  • Major changes have been announced in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams; all
  • Separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed.

Higher Education

  • A Higher Education Council of India(HECI) will be set up to regulate higher education. The council will aim at increasing the gross enrollment ratio from 26.3 percent to 50 percent by 2035.
  • The HECI will have four independent verticals- National Higher Education Regulatory Council for regulation, General Education Council to set standards, Higher Education Grants Council for funding and National Accreditation Council for accreditation.
  • MPhil courses will be discontinued under the new policy and all the courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD level will now be interdisciplinary.
  • All higher education institutions, except legal and medical colleges, will be governed by a single regulator.
  • Common norms will be in place for private and public higher education institutions. It will also cap fees charged by educational
  • institutions.
  • Common entrance exams will be held for admission to universities and higher education institutions.
  • There will be holistic and multidisciplinary education in terms of flexiblity of subjects.
  • Other features include graded academic, administrative and financial autonomy of institutions.
  • E-courses will be developed in regional languages; virtual labs will be developed and a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) is being created.
  • There are over 45,000 affiliated colleges in our country. Under graded autonomy, academic, administrative and financial autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation.

13. BRICS Environment meeting held in Russia

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The 6th BRICS Environment meeting held in Russia on 30th July, 2020. The Environment Ministers of the BRICS countries took part in the meeting through a video conferencing under the presidency of Russia.

Key Points

  • Union Environment Minister of India Prakash Javedkar represented India in the meeting.
  • He Emphasized India’s concern towards attaining Sustainable Development Goal(SDG).
  • The Minister showcased India’s great initiative towards tackling air pollution, marine litter, river cleanliness and sustainable urban management.
  • He also offered that India could provide the platform wherein all the best practices in environmental management in BRICS countries could be displayed.
  • He invited the five BRICS nations for the upcoming environment meeting which is going to be held in India in 2021.
  • The BRICS nations called for initiatives to improve the environment, promote the circular economy in the context of sustainable patterns of production and consumption to be included in national plans for economic recovery after COVID -19.
  • The BRICS countries also undertook to share experiences in developing national economic recovery programmes to keep moving towards sustainable development whilst addressing the challenges faced to tackle poverty, inequality and unemployment which have been exacerbated by the impacts of the pandemic.

14. Gandhi-King Exchange Act approved in the US congressional committee.

The Gandhi-King Exchange Act got final approval of the key congressional committee on 29th July, 2020 in the United States. It will become a law after passing through the House and Senate.

About Gandhi-King Exchange Act

  • The bill is written by American civil rights leader and lawmaker John Lewis.
  • The bill is inspired by John Lewis‘ visit to India in the year 2009 to mark the 50th anniversary of Dr Martin Luther King Jr’s trip to India in the year 1959.
  • The bill promotes the legacy of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr marking the 150th birth anniversary of Gandhi.
  • The bill seeks to establish a bilateral partnership between the US and India and to strengthen ties between both the countries.
  • The bill empowers the Indian Government and the US Government to establish an annual educational forum for students from both the countries to study the work and legacies of both the great leaders.
  • The bill will establish a development training system on conflict resolution founded on the principles non-violence of Gandhi.
  • The bill asks to develop a training initiative known as Gandhi-King Global Academy.
  • The bill also formulates the establishment of the US-India Gandhi-King Development Foundation.

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